There are many types of orchestral string instruments used in the orchestra and all of them are very useful and must definitely be there. Without those, an orchestra cannot be an orchestra without it and it will be just a normal gathering of musicians. One of those important orchestral string instruments that these orchestral musicians use are the violins. It is one of the most important string instruments to be used in the orchestra due to several reasons.
The violin is actually the youngest or in other words the baby of the string family. This is due to the reason that they can make the highest sounds. They are very important in an orchestra that the number of them in such a group can go up to 30. They are even divided into two groups to make two types of play. The first group would play the melody while the second will play the melody and will alternate to harmony if needed.
Your usual violin would have a size around 24 inches or 2 feet long with a slightly longer bow than any other string instrument. To play this lovely instrument, you have to rest it between your chin and left shoulder. Then your left hand will hold the neck of the violin and then press it down on the strings to change the pitch while your right hand moves the bow or plucks the strings to make some different sounds. It is a pretty complicated instrument to play if you are still new to it but with practice you can be a pro.
Flutes are a popular choice of musical instrument during the early years of childhood. Many schools teach kids the joy and fun of listening to music and creating ones. Flutes are easier to store and are compact. This makes them a breeze to carry around during big performance or plays. Flutes are part of the wind instrument but falls under the category of the woodwind family. They are generally made of wood hence woodwind.
Flutes perform quite well during solo acts but also sound relatively good during group performance like in a band or so. This makes the flute a very diverse and easily integrated musical instrument. The sound it produces is also soothing to the ear. Not that loud yet not too quit either.
Solo acts are great but doesn’t gather that much crowd. Group performances though such as an orchestra tend to gather a huge following and audience. With that in mind, if you are planning on playing a musical instrument for a band or a group then you might want to look at orchestral music and their musical instrument counterparts.
Orchestral music has different categories when talking about their instruments. The flute as mentioned earlier is under the woodwind family. Other families include the string, brass and percussion. On the other hand, you can also try keyboards or harps and even voices such as soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass and the likes. If you have a certain feel and preference about a certain musical instrument then go ahead and try it yourself. It may become your favorite with added practice.
While many people like different types of instruments played in different types of groups like the orchestra, there is one particular instrument in the orchestra that plays very well in it and also doing a solo with it. A lot of people tend to fall in love with its music and many love to hear it in concerts. This is instrument is the violin and a lot of people love its music due to some reasons. Some would even like to play it because of the sound it plays.
Well many like the violin because of the music it plays. It is quite different from any other string instrument played in the orchestra or even in other types of groups like a band. A violin can mostly be about a soft, melodic tune that would make your relax but sometimes it can be fast, violent and exciting which makes you tense up and get excited. It would really depend on the song being played and it gives you different kinds of emotions. This is the very reason why many like to listen to it or play it. It just gives them great joy afterwards.
In the past violins have also been used in different types of stages. Mostly we hear their songs in the orchestra or in solo plays but they have been also used in drama plays, theater, bars and many more. Now they are everywhere but the best stage they will ever grace would be the orchestra of course.
The flute is probably one of the less loud instruments among the many in an orchestra. The fact alone that it is small already makes it so. Another particular aspect that makes it less audible is that in an orchestra, there are very few of flutists. There could be a lot of other wind instrument players, as well as stringed instrument ones. But when it comes to the flutist, it is possible that an orchestra would only have one. However, orchestral music could not be the same without the flute. In fact, there are some pieces that could never be played without the flute around. It is for this reason that an orchestra conductor must see to it that there is a flutist among his many musicians.
There are some music pieces that need to be played with flute solos. In these instances, the audience would clearly appreciate more the presence of the flutist. When the flute is on solo, the rest of the orchestra usually goes at rest. The orchestra needs to be silent in order not to drown the flute. There may be some other instruments that would serve as background accompaniment but these are the ones with sounds that are not going to overwhelm the flute. Otherwise, the flutist would have to play near a microphone so that his sound would be amplified. It is the conductor’s discretion as to when the flutist would make stresses and when the entire orchestra could join in. This is how important his role is.
We left off at the 18th century history of the flute from the last post. It is still largely regarded as the oldest form of woodwind instrument. Since its inception, it has gone through so many transitions, and the flute as we know it now is not only capable of playing orchestral music, but also a fusion of experimental sounds as shown in the video clip above.
Come the 19th century, flutes had become multi-keyed instruments. There were six open finger-holes and a conical bore, and it had gained more popularity than the previous centuries. Perhaps owing to how portable a flute is, many musicians turned to it because no more tightening of strings was involved. Also, flute rentals were a lot cheaper compared to, say, harps or guitars. So even though there were still tonal quality issues with this woodwind instrument, many musicians tried to learn how to play the flute back then.
As a major orchestral instrument, the flute was favored by many musicians at the time. Some of the more notable ones included Robert Frisch (1805–1865), who played the instrument solo in the Johann Strauss Sr orchestra. As well, this was the century when the likes of flutists Ferdinand Buchner (1825–1912), Adolf Terschak (1832–1901), Ernesto Koehler (1849–1907), and Abelardo Albisi (1872–1939) made names for themselves for mastering this woodwind instrument.
There was also Cesare Ciardi (1818–1877) who also was a solo flutist in a St Petersburg orchestra and whose beautiful and lilting work with the flute can be heard here:
It also mentions a bit of the history of this orchestral musical instrument, as well as how to play it.
The earliest flutes were believed to exist in ancient China, in around 900 BC. They were believed to be made of bamboo and played only one note.
Around the Middle Ages, flute production became more regular. These were typically made of wood, and like their Chinese predecessor, played either just one note (D) or a couple of basic ones. Later reincarnations found the flute to have more holes and with a narrower grip, and in around 1529, descant, alto, tenor, and bass versions were produced for a wider range of sound. More notes were added, octaves increased, and by the 17th century, flutes have become part of orchestra music, as depicted in Jean Baptiste Lully’s compositions:
Other physical changes to the flute that enhanced its sound included narrower finger-holes, a more conical bore that tapered towards the middle, the addition of a couple more keys, and the division of the middle joint in half. Keys that were added included E-flat, C#, G#, B-flat, and F.
In 1780, the 4 and 6-keyed flutes appeared in the compositions of both Mozart and Haydn. Listen closely:
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